Structural Insulated Panels (SIPs) is a type of construction material and is increasingly being used as an alternative to the traditional wood frame construction and insulation. Many of us still do not know what SIP panels are and how they are different from traditional materials used for construction. So, here’s more information on SIPs.

What are Sip Panels?

SIPs are also known as structural insulating panels. These panels are made up of a thin layer of foam generally 4 to 8 inches in thickness placed between two sheets of plywood or Oriented Strand Board (OSB). The core is mainly Expanded Polystyrene Foam, Extruded Polystyrene Foam or Poly-urethane Insulation. Occasionally, the exterior material can also be cement boards, steel, aluminium and other materials.

Applications of Structural Insulated Panels

SIP panels have wide applications in construction and can be used when constructing both the exterior and interior of homes. They find application in residential and light commercial construction. SIPs can be used to build:

  1. Walls
  2. Floors
  3. Roofs
  4. Foundation systems

Advantages of the Panels

Structured Insulating Panels are known for their superior insulation properties and high quality. It is better than any type of wall construction. It traps the heat and cold and does not allow it to escape out and vice versa. Thus, it not only keeps the room comfortable but also saves on energy costs to a certain extent.

In addition to this, these panels are structurally strong and more stable. S.I.Ps are energy efficient. There are different types of panels that can each meet the specific needs of customers.  SIPs are manufactured in factories and can be tailor made to fit different building designs. Structured insulated panels are easy to construct and enable time saving construction. Being premeasured, they are easy to install. The need for labor for construction is also reduced. It offers better soundproofing and protection from noise pollution. The SIPs can also withstand extreme weather conditions.

Disadvantages of SIPS Panels

SIPs are considered a better option over traditional construction materials. However, they also have some disadvantages. They do not offer much room for change in design of the building and therefore require comprehensive initial planning. The approval process takes a longer period of time. Other laborers such as electricians and plumbers must be well trained to work with S.I.Ps. Special electrical and plumbing techniques have to be adopted.

SIPS are also not completely free from pest infestation. However, consumers can buy treated SIPS-panels or use insecticides to deal with this problem. It offers high level of insulation. On account of this, ventilation becomes a cause of concern especially if there is no other proper ventilation system. This also needs to be considered when fitting gas systems.

The high production cost is the other downside of using SIPs. It is costlier than the conventional methods. However, the in the long run it has cost benefits with respect to maintenance, operation and energy efficiency.

Insulation is an important aspect when building a house. And, all those looking to go green should consider structured insulated panels as SIPS panels look after both your comfort and pocket in the long run.